How to calculate Attainment 8 and Progress 8

Secondary schools will be aware that a new accountability system was implemented in 2016. It includes two new headline measures, Attainment 8 and Progress 8 (for full DfE guidance on this, click here). 

Pupil Asset can support basic estimates for Attainment 8 and Progress 8 at both individual pupil and whole school level.

Attainment 8

In order to produce Attainment 8 calculations, further information needs to be provided to the system when initially setting the subjects up.

Navigate to Admin > School Options > Subjects.

In many cases, schools will be adding new subjects, whether this is Reformed GCSEs or newly approved Non-GCSE Qualifications e.g. BTECs

Click on Add Subject to start creating the new subject.

The next step is to Pre-configure that subject. 

Once a subject has been pre-configured, it can be edited further by clicking on the underlined subject name from within the main area.

To complete the set-up, DfE Mappings need to be applied. This converts any grades/levels to the appropriate DfE point scores which then allows for calculation of Attainment 8. We have preloaded a few options, all of which match the available Result Types; however, please contact Support if you require any additional options (click here to see where these scores have come from).

Amending how an existing subject is tracked

Some schools may wish to continue to use the same subject but change how it is tracked i.e. from GCSE Letter Grades to GCSE Numeric Grades. This can be achieved as follows:

Navigate to Admin > School Options > Subjects.

Click on the underlined subject name from within the main area to open the Edit box. 

Amend the existing subject so that it is set to finish at the end of the previous academic year ( NB: new Result Types can only be applied from the start of years, not mid-way through a year ).

Set up a ‘new subject’ (as above), but do so with the same subject name as the pre-existing subject. 

When choosing the Result Type ensure that it is set to start the next academic year accordingly.

Adding qualifications 

There are a number of guidelines that need to be taken into consideration when calculating Attainment 8, for example, to be counted in the EBacc measure, the qualification must be on the approved DfE list (for the full list of considerations, see DfE guidance here, page 10)

To add a qualification to a subject, navigate to Admin > School Options > Subjects. 

On the far right-hand side of the page, you will see the Qualification column. Clicking on the +/- will open up the Link Qualification screen. 

The filter boxes can be used to quickly search for the relevant qualification.

Progress 8

To calculate Progress 8, KS2 results for Maths and Reading are required. These are used to calculate a KS2 Baseline (this combination is subject to change during the transition period – see Annex C). In most cases, schools will already have entered this information when the children started school in Year 7 in which case nothing more needs to be done; however, this information can also be quickly added as follows:

Navigate to Admin > School Options > Subjects . Underneath the grey toolbar, you will see a list of tabs. Click on the KS2 Results tab

KS2 data can be manually entered on this screen and the KS2 baseline scores will show on the far right column.

Alternatively, use the Import Wizard to mass upload this information from a CTF or CSV file (see ‘How to Import Pupil Results’ ).

Viewing Attainment 8 and Progress 8 estimates for individual pupils

Having followed the set-up procedures as described above, Pupil Asset will use the most recent set of entered Key Stage 4 results to calculate Attainment 8 and Progress estimates. To view, these scores for an individual pupil, click on the pupil’s name. 

On the Pupil Profile page, the latest results are displayed.

Attainment 8 breakdown displays as follows:

Progress 8 is displayed as follows:

Additional Information – the small print! 

Attainment 8

• The Attainment 8 score consists of a Maths slot, an English Slot, 3 x EBacc slots, and 3 x Open slots. All filled slots will have their grades converted to a point score and then added up to generate the Attainment 8 score.

• To be counted in the ‘Maths’ slot in Attainment 8, the Maths subject must use a qualification that has an ‘EBacc Type’ of Maths. The Maths slot is double weighted.

• To be counted in the ‘English’ slot in Attainment 8, the English or English Literature subject must use a qualification that has an ‘EBacc Type’ of English or English Literature. If both English and English Literature are taken, the grade that generates the highest point score is used in the English slot and is doubled weighted. The remaining grade is available for one of the ‘open’ slots. If only one of English or English Literature is taken it must be used in the English slot and is not doubled.

• To be counted in any of the three ‘EBacc’ slots the subject must use a qualification that has one of the remaining ‘EBacc’ types (Science, Humanities, Language). The three highest non-Maths or English eBacc point score scores are used in the eBacc slots. Any remaining eBacc grades are available for the ‘open’ slots.

• AS Level results will always take precedence over GCSE’s in the same subject, even if the result (and resulting point score) is lower.

• The three remaining highest point score scores (including any unused English or eBacc grades) are used in the ‘open’ slots.

Progress 8

• The Expected KS4 Score used in the Pupil Asset calculations is based on an “Attainment 8 estimate for each key stage 2 average fine level, based on the 2017 cohort averages as published by the DfE. Changes to national subject entry patterns and performance will cause these estimates to change in future years, as they will be derived from averages from later cohorts. As such these scores should be treated with caution if extrapolating to current cohorts.